No company will lie in their earnings reports (well, very few anyway). That’s because the information in the earnings report must match the company’s Form 10-Q which is a legal document that a company must file with the Securities & Exchange Commission. So every number in the earnings report must match what’s in the 10-Q. The earnings report, however, does give companies the opportunity to comment on the numbers. In the case of numbers that were below what the company forecasted, they will offer an explanation for the miss they hope will mitigate the shortcoming. When the earnings reports are released, analysts are looking to see not just whether a company beat its own estimates, but whether it beat analysts’ expectations as well.

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  1. This is for informational purposes only as StocksToTrade is not registered as a securities broker-dealer or an investment adviser.
  2. A good trading community like the SteadyTrade Team can help make sense of what the market’s doing.
  3. In that case, the sale will appear in the company’s income statement, but not in its cash flow statement.

The cash flow statement provides a more detailed look at how cash is moving into and out of a company. While it might seem like a cash flow statement should be identical to an income statement, this is often not the case. Companies may book revenue on a sale, but not receive payment until later. In that case, the sale will appear in the company’s income statement, but not in its cash flow statement.

As an individual investor, it’s your responsibility to decide whether the price movement is justified. These are two metrics that are used in the fundamental analysis of a company’s stock. Ideally, companies will be showing growth in both their top and bottom-line numbers, but sometimes they will be showing top-line growth that is not reflected in their bottom line or vice versa. Sometimes this is explained by market conditions and sometimes it is indicative of a bigger problem affecting the company. One reason for that is that an earnings report is an intimidating document, and unless you are a financial professional, it’s probably going to be a little boring.

How Often Are Earnings Reported?

This information is not intended to be used as the sole basis of any investment decision, should it be construed as advice designed to meet the investment needs of any particular investor. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future returns. Traders who try to predict the market have uneven track records. I always tell my students to wait until an earnings report is released before trading it.

All US stock market earnings announcements

For a quick snapshot of the major tenets of what’s going on with a company, reading the earnings press release is a good start. Investors who are interested in buying shares in a public company and want to make an informed decision should examine the 10-Q filing. It is important to note, however, that the financial statements are not audited.

Guide to Company Earnings

If you show up every day, you can learn so much about your strategy and market approach. Some of the basic metrics that determine a company’s value are tied to earnings. Testimonials on this website may not be representative of the experience of other customers.

Recent earnings announcement Headlines

This article does not provide any financial advice and is not a recommendation to deal in any securities or product. Investments may fall in value and an investor may lose some or all of their investment. StocksToTrade in no way warrants the solvency, financial condition, or investment advisability of any of the securities mentioned in communications or websites. In addition, StocksToTrade accepts no liability whatsoever for any direct or consequential loss arising from any use of this information.

Ratings are not recommendations to purchase, hold, or sell securities, and they do not address the market value of securities or their suitability for investment purposes. If you’re currently investing in a publicly-traded company—or planning to in the future—you should always take the press release and presentation deck of an earnings report with a grain of salt. They’re valuable documents that you definitely want to read, but they are marketing materials developed to promote investments. If you want a no-fluff display of economic health, head straight to the 10-Q. It’s not uncommon for large companies to have 10-Q documents longer than 100 pages.

Investors should understand how to approach these reports and what to look for in order to properly gauge a company’s value. Publishing quarterly earnings reports is a great way for publicly traded companies to provide transparency to shareholders, potential investors, financial analysts and the general public. Earnings reports provide a periodic update of a company’s financial statements along with an income statement, cash flow statement, and balance sheet.

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on what’s known as a Form 10-Q. Quarterly earnings reports detail the above financial information for the most recent three-month period along with the comparable quarter the prior year. There are many key details that are not outlined in a company’s income statements – therefore, a breakdown of cash sources is very important. Quite simply, if a company reports a positive net income but poor quality earnings, then acquiring the company may be a more risky investment than the company’s financial statements indicate.

Earnings Reports: What Do Quarterly Earnings Tell You?

Accessing a company’s earnings reports is actually quite simple. Review the cash flow statement to see if the company is earning cash from continuing operations. Companies might have negative cash flow but are still able to show positive net income. For that reason, adherents of the theory say it is all but impossible for any investor to consistently outperform the market. Efficient markets theory is often cited as a major argument for investing through index funds. Fundamental analysis attempts to determine the intrinsic value of a particular stock by studying both its unique financial data and trends in the larger economy.

In this case, you may see a situation where a company misses on its estimates but still come in higher than what analysts expected. Enter your email address below to receive the latest headlines and analysts’ recommendations for your stocks with our free daily email 3 moving average crossover strategy newsletter. You will have no right to complain to the Financial Ombudsman Services or to seek compensation from the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. All investments can fall as well as rise in value so you could lose some or all of your investment.

An earnings report is a document that all publicly traded companies are legally required to produce each quarter to outline the financials of the company. The majority of companies divide the year up into quarters following the months of the year i.e. The most authoritative and complete resource for all earnings reports is located on the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) website ( Using their EDGAR system, you can search for any publicly traded company and read quarterly, annual, and 10-Q and 10-K reports. The quarterly earnings report is generally backed up by the company’s Form 10-Q, which companies must file with the Securities and Exchange Commission each quarter for the first three quarters of the year. (At the end of the fourth quarter, companies file a 10-K form, reporting annual performance.) The 10-Q is more comprehensive in nature than the quarterly earnings report and provides additional details.